The Daily Brief – 22nd November 2018


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  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi constituted National Implementation Committee (NIC) under Chairmanship of Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh to commemorate the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak in the country and abroad. Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Minister of State for Culture Dr. Mahesh are its members. Shiromani Gurudwara Parbandhak Committee, which is the apex religious body of the Sikhs, will be knowledge partner for event.
  2. 49th International Film Festival of India began in Panaji, capital of Goa with the theme New India through a variety of genres of cinema, including history, action, romance and sports. Jharkhand is focus state for this year, with Jharkhand Day being celebrated on 24th November as part of festival. The focus country is Israel. International Film Festival of India (IFFI) conducted annually by Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Directorate of Film Festivals and Government of Goa was founded in 1952.

    Shyama Prasad Ganguly
  3. Mexican government has honoured Indian academician Shyama Prasad Ganguly with “Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca” (Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle), the highest civilian honour given to a foreigner by Mexico. He was awarded for disseminating Spanish language and Mexican culture to strengthen Mexico-India cultural relations. He is first Indian Academician to get this award. The award was created by decree in December 1933 by President Abelardo L. Rodríguez as reward to services given to Mexico or humankind by foreigners.
  1. The International Space Station (ISS) turned 20 years old on November 20, 2018. The project was kicked by Russian space agency Roscosmos when it launched its Zarya module from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on November 20, 1998. ISS It is the largest manned object in space-357ft long and with a weight of 419,725kg. It can accommodate as many as six spacecrafts at one time. The space station travels at a speed of 4.791 miles per second, fast enough to go to the moon and back in a single day. It orbits the earth approximately once every 90 minutes or 16 times in a 24-hour period.
  2. The Australian Government announced on November 21, 2018 that it would not sign the UN Global Compact for Migration saying that the agreement would undermine its existing immigration policies. According to the Australian government, the nation’s immigration policy already promotes safe, orderly and regular migration. The government feels that adopting the pact would risk encouraging illegal entry to Australia and reverse the hard-won successes in combating the people-smuggling trade.
  3. The Supreme Court of India on November 19, 2018 said that it would direct all the states to implement the draft witness protection scheme framed by the Centre in consultation with the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA). The first-ever reference to witness protection in India came in 14th Law Commission Report in 1958. In cases involving influential people, witnesses turn hostile because of the threat to life and property.  Due to witnesses turning hostile, the conviction rate in murder and rape in India is just around 10 to 12 per cent.
  4. 27th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change held in New Delhi has urged advanced countries to enhance their support to developing nations in effectively implementing Paris Agreement to combat climate change. BASIC countries comprise Brazil, South Africa, India and China formed in November 2009. This comes ahead of UN Conference of Parties (COP) scheduled to be held in December 2018 in Katowice, Poland.

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Today’s Quiz

1. International Film Festival of India is conducted annually in ___

2. When was International Film Festival of India founded?

3. Who is the first Indian Academician to receive Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle award?

4. When was the International Space Station (ISS) launched?

5. How many times ISS orbits the earth in a 24-hour?

6. When was the first reference to witness protection come in India?

7. Which of the following is not a BASIC country?

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