# An Introduction to Logical Reasoning

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Logic is one of the most fun sections in the CLAT paper. It is also one of the most important from the point of view of the examiners because it tests the most integral skills required to be a lawyer- logical consistency in thought, understanding and processing data and making valid conclusions from them, out of the box thinking and finding patterns and connections. CLAT and other law entrance exams are giving more and more emphasis to this section so it is important that you practice logical reasoning and become comfortable with the type of questions that come in this section well in time for the exam. Last year’s CLAT had 45 marks attributed to logic.

The best part about logical reasoning is that it does not require any learning or prior knowledge. Whatever the question, the answer can always be discovered. However developing the speed required to be able to finish this section takes a lot of practice and that is where CLATGyan comes in. We have a threefold strategy to help you tackle logical reasoning:

Pattern

All logic questions have a pattern. Whether it is Critical reasoning or Analytical reasoning, in most cases, there is slot into which questions can fit. For example, in Critical Reasoning you have the ‘What is the conclusion?’ or the ‘Does the following statement strengthen or weaken the argument?’ type of questions. In Analytical Reasoning the pattern is even more obvious. All number sequences, codes, sets, genealogy problems will have an underlying pattern. The minute you are familiar with the patterns that can come, it becomes very easy for you to fit your question into the pattern and answer the question fast. Take the example of the number sequence

2 5 11 20 32 ?

In this sequence, the difference between the consecutive numbers is an arithmetic progression with a difference of three.

2 (+3) 5 (+6) 11 (+9) 20 (+12) 32

Therefore what you should look out for is a possibility of a sequence in the difference between each consecutive number.

We, at CLATGyan, will give you patterns and ways to tackle each pattern. With constant practice you will instinctively recognize patterns and be able to solve question immediately.

Short cuts

As CLAT is not just testing your reasoning ability, but, how fast you can process the information given and find solutions, short cuts can be the reason why it is you and not someone else sitting in a prestigious law school tomorrow. As takers of CLAT, we will share with you all the tricks of the trade to make sure that you develop the speed required to get that extra edge over your competitors.

Practice

Logic is one section where you get better only by practise. The only way to learn logical reasoning is by doing tonnes of problems of different kinds. We will put up weekly exercises and puzzles for you to do so that you do not just learn to identify patterns and solve questions but also build up speed.

To start off your journey in logical reasoning we have included a sample test of the kind of questions you can expect at CLAT. Follow the website closely for a week by week updates in this section.

Don’t forget that logic is something to be enjoyed!

All the Best!
Rupali Samuel