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- The International Coffee Day is observed every year on October 1 to promote and celebrate coffee as beverage. Observance of this day marks global celebration of coffee’s journey from farm to your local shop and opportunity to honour men and women who grow and harvest coffee. This year with the theme ‘Women in Coffee’, it aims to highlight important role played by women in whole coffee chain as men. The official date was agreed by International Coffee Organization and was launched in Milan, Italy in 2015. India is 6th largest coffee producer in the world.
- Madhya Pradesh Government has announced creation of new district Niwari. It will be 52nd district of the state and came into effect from October 1, 2018. The proposal to this effect was cleared by state Cabinet chaired by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan. Niwari district has been carved out of the Tikamgarh district. IAS officer Akshay Kumar Singh (2010-batch) will hold interim charge as first District Collector of new district.
- International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and World Trade Organization have collectively launched report “Reinvigorating Trade and Inclusive Growth”. In this report all three international organisations have sought liberalisation of global service sector, asserting that barriers to these services trade currently is roughly as high as those to trade in goods about a half century ago. Services comprise some two-thirds of global GDP and employment.
- The second International Translation Day was observed by United Nations on 30 September 2018. Observance of this day seeks to recognize contribution of unsung heroes behind international diplomacy who work as language professionals to facilitate dialogue and contribute to development and strengthens world peace and security. The International Translation Day was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in May 2017 by adopting resolution 71/288.
- All India Council for Technical Education will establish country’s first AICTE Training and Learning (ATAL) Academy in Jaipur, capital of Rajasthan. Moreover, three more ATAL academies will come at Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala), Guwahati (Assam) and Baroda (Gujarat) by next year. These academies will provide upgraded teaching methods and modules to make technical education more effective and accountable. AICTE is statutory body established in November 1945. It comes under aegis of Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development.
- Union Finance Ministry has constituted nine-member Competition Law Review Committee to ensure that legislation is in tune with changing business environment. It will be chaired by Corporate Affairs Secretary Injeti Srinivas. The committee was constituted in pursuance of Government’s objective of ensuring that legislation is in sync with needs of strong economic fundamental. The Competition Act was passed in 2002 and Competition Commission of India (CCI) was set up in 2009
- President Ram Nath Kovind has given assent Karnataka Good Samaritan and Medical Professional (Protection and Regulation during Emergency Situations) Bill, 2016 under Article 200 of Constitution. With this, Karnataka became first state give legal protection to good Samaritans who help accidents victims with emergency medical care within golden hour. Golden hour in medical term is the first hour after traumatic injury when emergency treatment is very crucial. It also seeks encourage people to offer first aid to victims without fear of harassment in hands of police and investigations.
- The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute on October 1, 2018 awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo “for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation”. It is one of five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, in his will. The first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded in 1901 to the German physiologist Emil von Behring for his work on serum therapy and the development of a vaccine against diphtheria.
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